Reading Strategies

Before Reading

1. Always start with writing the purpose of why you are reading at the top of what you are reading.
2.  Vocabulary-Good readers preview the vocabulary in the text before reading.  Better Screenshot (171)understanding of the vocabulary in a text helps a reader better understand and comprehend the text they are reading.  Use the chart to record your new vocabulary.
3. Give Purpose to the Text-A good reader always asks “Why am I reading this text?”. A good reader must always have a reason for reading so that the reader knows what to look for while reading.

During Reading


1. Marking the Text.  Always Circle key terms and underline examples that the authors use to develop their claims.
2.  Writing in the margins.  In the left margin, always summarize what the text is saying.  In the right margin, always write what the authors are Doing in each chunk of text.  Click here to find other ways to Annotate a Text.
2.  Bookmark. This strategy helps with understanding the text.  Questions on the bookmark cue the reader to describe what was most important about the text.
3. Chunking and/or Rereading the text. Chunking is a strategy that turns long complex paragraphs into short simple phrases or sentences that a reader can easily read and/or understand.
Screenshot (170)4. Graphic Organizers.  There are many reading graphic organizers available to the reader.  Some of the better ones, in my opinion, are KWHL, Close Readers, Determine Important Ideas, SQPRRS, and THIEVES.  All graphic organizers force the reader to look for keep items to increase reading understanding.
5. Asking Questions.  Good readers continuously ask themselves questions about what they are reading.  By self-questioning, a reader sets a focus for certain concepts within the text.  Self-questioning even can help a reader monitor their understanding.


After Reading

1. Draw Picture of the Text.  Good readers use text information to form mental pictures of the text.  Readers must focus on the details to be able to fully understand what they are reading.
2.  Summarizing.   GIST/Summarize/5 WsWriting Prompt and Say-Mean-Matter are three valuable reading strategies that a reader can use to sum up what has been read.  Summarizing is also a great tool to use for Cornell Notes.
3. Showing Evidence.  A good reader is able to show evidence.  Looking for the evidence that proves a claim to be true is a good way to focus on the reading.

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